Alloy 625 ESU | 2.4856 (NiCr22Mo9Nb) Material data sheet

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Alloy 625 ESU | 2.4856 (NiCr22Mo9Nb) from stock

International identifiers


The corrosion-resistant high-performance material Alloy 625 has improved material properties due to the electroslag remelting process (ESR).

The ESR version is used when a better material purity, particularly high tensile strength and toughness are required.

The Alloy 625 ESU has very good corrosion resistance and good resistance to attack phosphorus, sulfur and hydrochloric acid. The material can be welded, taking into account a suitable weld preparation.  A heat treatment before and after the welding process is not required.

Areas of application

2.4856 ESR (Alloy 625) is mainly used in areas in which exceptional resistance to all corrosion phenomena, in combination with excellent creep strength and extreme temperature loads, is required. The nickel-based alloy 625 is also used in the food and nuclear industries.

At lower temperature loads, the alloy Alloy 825 with lower alloying elements of nickel and molybdenum and the correspondingly lower strength properties can be used.

Machinability5   (1 = bad - 10 = good)
Corrosion resistancevery good
Corrosion class10   (1 = bad - 10 = good)


Mechanical properties at room temperature (solution annealed / quenched):

≥ 345≥ 25max. 35≥ 100


Physical Properties:

Density (kg/dm3 )8,4
Thermal conductivity at 100°C (W/m K)12,4
Thermal conductivity at 800°C (W/m K)26,8
Specific heat capacity at 100°C (J/kg K)496
Specific heat capacity at 800°C (J/kg K)663
Specific heat capacity at 1200°C (J/kg K)705
Elasticity module at 20°C (MPa)209000
Elasticity module at 800°C (MPa)153000


Special features:

  • Resistance to mineral acids

  • Resistance to changing temperatures within extreme limits

  • Good mechanical and technological properties


Cold forming is possibleis possible
Cold heading is possibleis possible
Machining possiblewith a technologically designed procedure
Open-die and closed-die forgingis possible
Machine processing          no


Heat treatment
 Temperature in °CCooling
Hot forming1150 - 950air, water
Heat treatment  
Solution heat treatment (+ AT)1080 - 1160air, water


Welding: The Alloy 625 is easy to weld. The material 2.4831 is recommended as filler metal, taking into account the corresponding weld seam preparation for nickel alloys.

Forging: Before forging, the steel should be heated to a minimum of 950° C to 1150° C. This should be held for 60 minutes per 100 mm of decisive wall thickness. The forging process takes place at 1180° C to 950° C with subsequent rapid air or water cooling.

Cold forming: Due to the high tendency to work hardening (see also machining), special design of the heat conduction and higher forming forces are required.

Corrosion resistance: The corrosion resistance is far superior to conventional chromium-nickel-molybdenum steels (1.4571; 1.4539; 1.4404 etc.) and the resistance to intergranular corrosion, erosion, crevice and stress cracking corrosion is extremely high.

Machining: Machining (preferably in the annealed condition) is difficult due to the high alloy content. Due to the tendency of the material to work hardening, it should be machined with lower feed rates and cutting speeds compared to the corrosion-resistant austenitic steel types.

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Chemical composition
Alloy 625 ESU
min.0,03    20,008,0058,0
Alloy 625 ESU
min.   3,15 
In stock

Alloy 625 ESU, Flat, forged

Advantages of saw cut

The processing with the saw is a mechanical processing of the material, which results in a significantly lower unintended deformation and increased hardness for the existing structure, such as the thermal cutting.

Thus, the machined workpiece has a homogeneous structure even at the edge, which does not change in the continuation of the material.

This circumstance allows immediate finishing of the workpiece with milling or drilling . So it is not necessary to anneal the material or make a similar operation beforehand.

Do you have any questions?

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Heidi Sommer

Your contact person Heidi Sommer+49 (0) 35263-665-33

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Notice: Specifications contained in following data sheet are provided as a description, liability is excluded!